Entity Discovery and Linking and Wikification Reading List

  • collected and recommended by Heng Ji, highly biased and incomplete, suggestions are welcome

Overview Papers and Tutorials:

[13] Heng Ji and Joel Nothman. 2016. Overview of TAC-KBP2016 Tri-lingual EDL and Its Impact on End-to-End KBP. Proc. Text Analysis Conference (TAC2016). paper. slides . KBP2017 planning slides .

[12] Xiang Ren, Ahmed El-Kishky, Heng Ji and Jiawei Han. Automatic Entity Recognition and Typing in Massive Text Data. Tutorial at ACM International Conference on Management of Data (SIGMOD2016).

[11] Heng Ji, Joel Nothman and Ben Hachey. 2015. Overview of TAC-KBP2015 Tri-lingual Entity Discovery and Linking. Proc. Text Analysis Conference (TAC2015). paper. slides. KBP2016 planning slides.

[10] Heng Ji. 2015. From Mono-lingual to Cross-lingual: state-of-the-art EDL. Invited Talk at JHU HLT-COE.

[9] Heng Ji, Joel Nothman and Ben Hachey. 2014. Overview of TAC-KBP2014 Entity Discovery and Linking Tasks. Proc. Text Analysis Conference (TAC2014). paper. slides.

[8] Dan Roth, Heng Ji, Ming-Wei Chang and Taylor Cassidy. 2014. Wikification and Beyond: The Challenges of Entity and Concept Grounding. Tutorial at the 52nd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL2014).  description. slides pdf. slides pptx. book.

[7] Edgar Meij, Krisztian Balog and Dann Odijk. 2014. Entity Linking and Retrieval. Tutorial at WSDM2014, SIGIR2013, YSS2013 and WWW2013.

[6] Roberto Navigli and Andrea Moro. 2014. Multilingual Word Sense Disambiguation and Entity Linking. Tutorial at COLING2014.

[5] Heng Ji, Ralph Grishman and Hoa Trang Dang. 2011. Overview of the TAC 2011 Knowledge Base Population Track. In Text Analysis Conference (TAC) 2011.

[4] Heng Ji, Ralph Grishman, Hoa Trang Dang, Kira Griffitt and Joe Ellis. 2010. Overview of the TAC 2010 Knowledge Base Population Track. In Text Analysis Conference (TAC) 2010.

[3] Heng Ji and Ralph Grishman. 2011. Knowledge Base Population:  Successful Approaches and Challenges. Proc. ACL2011.

[2] P. McNamee and H.T. Dang. 2009. Overview of the tac 2009 knowledge base population track. Proc. Text Analysis Conference (TAC) 2009.

[1] Wei Shen, Jianyong Wang, Jiawei Han. 2014. Entity Linking with a Knowledge Base: Issues, Techniques, and Solutions.  IEEE TDKE.


[18] Amir Globerson, Nevena Lazic, Soumen Chakrabarti, Amarnag Subramanya, Michael Ringaard and Fernando Pereira. 2016. Collective Entity Resolution with Multi-Focal Attention. Proc. ACL2016.

[17] Nevena Lazic, Amarnag Subramanya, Michael Ringgaard and Fernando Pereira. 2016. Plato: A Selective Context Model for Entity Resolution. TACL.

[16] Dat Ba Nguyen, Martin Theobald and Gerhard Weikum. 2016. J-NERD: Joint Named Entity Recognition and Disambiguation with Rich Linguistic Features. TACL.

[15] Kevin Clark and Christopher D. Manning. 2016. Improving Coreference Resolution by Learning Entity-Level Distributed Representations. Proc. ACL2016.

[14] Chen-Tse Tsai and Dan Roth. 2016. Cross-lingual Wikification Using Multilingual Embeddings. Proc. NAACL2016.

[13] Chen-Tse Tsai, Stephen Mayhew and Dan Roth. 2016. Cross-Lingual Named Entity Recognition via Wikification Proc. CoNLL2016.

[12] Jian Ni and Radu Florian. 2016. Improving Multilingual Named Entity Recognition with Wikipedia Entity Type Mapping. Proc. EMNLP2016.

[11] Xiang Ren, Wenqi He, Meng Qu, Lifu Huang, Heng Ji, and Jiawei Han. 2016. AFET: Automatic Fine-Grained Entity Typing by Hierarchical Partial-Label Embedding. Proc. EMNLP2016.

[10] Akash Bharadwaj, Chris Dyer, Jaime Carbonell and David Mortensen. 2016. Phonologically Aware Neural Model for Named Entity Recognition in Low Resource Transfer Settings. Proc. EMNLP2016.

[9] Lizhen Qu, Gabriela Ferraro, Liyuan Zhou, Weiwei Hou and Timothy Baldwin. 2016. Named Entity Recognition for Novel Types by Transfer Learning. Proc. EMNLP2016.

[8] Avirup Sil and Radu Florian. 2016. One for All: Towards Language Independent Named Entity Linking. Proc. ACL2016.

[7] Di Lu, Xiaoman Pan, Nima Pourdamghani, Heng Ji, Shih-Fu Chang and Kevin Knight. 2016. A Multi-media Approach to Cross-lingual Entity Knowledge Transfer. Proc. ACL2016.

[6] Jason P.C. Chiu and Eric Nichols. 2016. Named Entity Recognition with Bidirectional LSTM-CNNs. TACL.

[5] Octavian-Eugen Ganea, Marina Ganea, Aurelien Lucchi, Carsten Eickhoff, Thomas Hofmann. 2016. Probabilistic Bag of Hyperlinks Model for Entity Linking. Proc. WWW2016. slides.

[4] Guillaume Lample, Miguel Ballesteros, Kazuya Kawakami, Sandeep Subramanian and Chris Dyer. 2016. Neural Architectures for Named Entity Recognition. Proc. NAACL2016.

[3] Matthew Francis-Landau, Greg Durrett and Dan Klein. 2016. Capturing Semantic Similarity for Entity Linking with Convolutional Neural Networks. Proc. NAACL2016.

[2] Xuezhe Ma, Zhengzhong Liu and Eduard Hovy. 2016. Unsupervised Ranking Model for Entity Coreference Resolution. Proc. NAACL2016.

[1] Boliang Zhang, Xiaoman Pan, Tianlu Wang, Ashish Vaswani, Heng Ji, Kevin Knight and Daniel Marcu. 2016. Name Tagging for Low-resource Incident Languages based on Expectation-driven Learning. Proc. NAACL2016.


[16] Yadollah Yaghoobzadeh; Hinrich Schütze. 2015. Corpus-level Fine-grained Entity Typing Using Contextual Information. Proc. EMNLP2015.

[15] Luciano Del Corro; Abdalghani Abujabal; Rainer Gemulla; Gerhard Weikum. 2015. FINET: Context-Aware Fine-Grained Named Entity Typing. Proc. EMNLP2015.

[14] Dani Yogatama; Daniel Gillick; Nevena Lazic. 2015. Embedding Methods for Fine Grained Entity Type Classification. Proc. ACL2015.

[13] Benjamin Heinzerling; Michael Strube. 2015. Visual Error Analysis for Entity Linking. Proc. ACL2015.

[12] Gang Luo, Xiaojiang Huang, Chin-Yew Lin, Zaiqing Nie. 2015. Joint Entity Recognition and Disambiguation. Proc. EMNLP2015.

[11] Sourav Dutta; Gerhard Weikum. 2015. C3EL: A Joint Model for Cross-Document Co-Reference Resolution and Entity Linking. Proc. EMNLP2015.

[10] Han Wang, Jin Guang Zheng, Xiaogang Ma, Peter Fox and Heng Ji. 2015. Language and Domain Independent Entity Linking with Quantified Collective Validation. Proc. Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP2015).

[9] Yixin Cao, Juanzi Li, Xiaofei Guo, Shuanhu Bai, Heng Ji and Jie Tang. 2015. Name List Only? Target Entity Disambiguation in Short Texts. Proc. Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP2015). paper.

[8] Yi Yang and Ming-Wei Chang. 2015. S-MART: Novel Tree-based Structured Learning Algorithms Applied to Tweet Entity Linking. Proc. ACL2015.

[7] Jennifer D'Souza and Vincent Ng. 2015. Rule-based Entity Linking for the Biomedical Domain. Proc. ACL2015.

[6] Boliang Zhang, Hongzhao Huang, Xiaoman Pan, Sujian Li, Chin-Yew Lin, Heng Ji, Kevin Knight, Zhen Wen, Yizhou Sun, Jiawei Han and Bulent Yener. 2015. Context-aware Entity Morph Decoding. Proc. ACL2015. paper. slides. data.

[5] Greg Durrett and Dan Klein. 2015. A Joint Model for Entity Analysis: Coreference, Typing, and Linking. Transactions of ACL.

[4] Andrew Chisholm and Ben Hachey. 2015. Entity Disambiguation with Web Links. Transactions of ACL.

[3] Adrian Benton and Mark Dredze. 2015. Entity Linking for Spoken Language. Proc. NAACL-HLT 2015.

[2] Xiaoman Pan, Taylor Cassidy, Ulf Hermjakob, Heng Ji and Kevin Knight. 2015. Unsupervised Entity Linking with Abstract Meaning Representation. Proc. NAACL-HLT 2015. paper. slides. AMR EL system AMR reading&visualizing tools test data doc list AMR entity type mapping table.

[1] Roi Blanco, Giuseppe Ottaviano and Edgar Meij. 2015. Fast and Space-Efficient Entity Linking in Queries. Proc. WSDM2015.


[18] Yuzhe Jin, Emre Kiciman, Kuansan Wang and Ricky Loynd. Entity Linking at the Tail: Sparse Signals, Unknown Entities, and Phrase Models. Proc. WSDM2014.

[17] Chenliang Li and Aixin Sun. 2014. Fine-Grained Location Extraction from Tweets with Temporal Awareness. Proc. of SIGIR 2014.

[16] Zhaochen Guo and Denilson Barbosa. 2014. Robust Entity Linking via Random Walks. Proc. CIKM2014.

[15] Banda Ramadan and Peter Christen. 2014. Forest-Based Dynamic Sorted Neighborhood Indexing for Real-Time Entity Resolution. Proc. CIKM2014.

[14] Maksim Tkatchenko and Hady Lauw. 2014. Generative Modeling of Entity Comparisons in Text. Proc. CIKM2014.

[13] Jin Guang Zheng, Daniel Howsmon, Boliang Zhang, Juergen Hahn, Deborah McGuinness, James Hendler and Heng Ji. 2014. Entity Linking for Biomedical Literature. Proc. CIKM2014 Workshop on Data and Text Mining in Biomedical Informatics.

[12] Ayman Alhelbawy and Robert Gaizauskas. 2014. Collective Named Entity Disambiguation using Graph Ranking and Clique Partitioning Approaches. Proc. COLING2014.

[11] Zhe Zuo, Gjergji Kasneci, Toni Gruetze and Felix Naumann. 2014. BEL: Bagging for Entity Linking.; Proc. COLING2014.

[10] Wei Feng, Jianyong Wang, Wei Zhang. 2014. We Can Learn Your #Hashtags: Connecting Tweets to Explicit Topics. Proc. IEEE ICDE'14(PP:856-867)

[9] Wei Shen, Jiawei Han, Jianyong Wang.  2014. A Probabilistic Model for Linking Named Entities in Web Text with Heterogeneous Information Networks.  Proc. ACM SIGMOD'14.  (PP:1199-1210.)

[8] Ben Hachey, Joel Nothman and Will Radford. 2014. Cheap and Easy Entity Evaluation. Proc. the 52nd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL2014).

[7] Ayman Alhelbawy and Robert Gaizauskas. 2014. Graph Ranking for Collective Named Entity DisambiguationProc. the 52nd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL2014).

[6] Andrea Moro, Alessandro Roganato and Roberto Navigli. 2014. Entity Linking meets Word Sense Disambiguation: A Unified Approach. Transaction of ACL.

[5] Eneko Agirre. 2014. “One Entity per Discourse” and “One Entity per Collocation” Improve Named-Entity Disambiguation. Proc. COLING2014.

[4] Eric Charton, Marie-Jean Meurs, Ludovic Jean-Louis and Michel Gagnon. 2014. Mutual Disambiguation for Entity Linking. Proc. the 52nd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL2014).

[3] Hongzhao Huang, Yunbo Cao, Xiaojiang Huang, Heng Ji and Chin-Yew Lin. 2014. Collective Tweet Wikification based on Semi-supervised Graph Regularization. Proc. the 52nd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL2014)

[2] Nicholas Andrews, Jason Eisner and Mark Dredze. 2014. Robust Entity Clustering via Phylogenetic Inference. Proc. the 52nd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL2014)

[1] Giuseppe Rizzo, Marieke van Erp and Raphaël Troncy. 2014. Benchmarking the Extraction and Disambiguation of Named Entities on the Semantic Web. Proc. 9th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14).


[23] Chenliang Li, Aixin Sun, Anwitaman Datta. 2013. TSDW: Two-Stage Word Sense Disambiguation Using Wikipedia. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (JASIST), 64(6): 1203-1223.

[22] D. Ceccarelli, C. Lucchese, S. Orlando, R. Perego, and S. Trani. 2013. Learning relatedness measures for entity linking. Proc. CIKM 2013.

[21] Eric Charton, Marie-Jean Meurs, Ludovic Jean-Louis and Michel Gagnon. 2013. SemLinker System for KBP2013: A Disambiguation Algorithm based on Mutual Relations of Semantic Annotations inside a Document. Proc. Text Analysis Conference (TAC2013).

[20] Yubo Chen, Guangyou Zhou, Liheng Xu, Shizhu He, Kang Liu and Jun Zhao. 2013. The CASIA Entity linking System at TAC 2013. Proc. Text Analysis Conference (TAC2013).

[19] X. Cheng and D. Roth. 2013. Relational inference for wikification. In Proceedings of the 2013 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing.

[18] M. Cornolti, P. Ferragina, and M. Ciaramita. 2013. A Framework for Benchmarking Entity-Annotation Systems. Proceedings of the 22nd international conference on World Wide Web, WWW 2013, Rio de Janerio, Brazil, pp. 249–260.

[17] Jeffrey Dalton and Laura Dietz. 2013. UMass CIIR at TAC KBP 2013 Entity Linking. Proc. Text Analysis Conference (TAC2013).

[16] Jeffrey Dalton and Laura Dietz. 2013. A Neighborhood Relevance Model for Entity Linking. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference in the RIAO series (OAIR), 2013.

[15] Angela Fahrni, Benjamin Heinzerling, Thierry Gockel and Michael Strube. 2013. HITS’ Monolingual and Cross-lingual Entity Linking System at TAC 2013. Proc. Text Analysis Conference (TAC2013).

[14] Yuhang Guo, Bing Qin, Yuqin Li, Ting Liu, Sheng Li. 2013. Improving Candidate Generation for Entity Linking. Natural Language Processing and Information Systems.

[13] B. Hachey, W. Radford, J. Nothman, M. Honnibal, and J. Curran. 2013. Evaluating entity linking with wikipedia. Artificial. Intelligence.

[12] Z. He, S. Liu, Y. Song, M. Li, M. Zhou, and H. Wang. 2013. Efficient collective entity linking with stacking. In Proceedings of the 2013 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing.

[11] Zhengyan He, Shujie Liu, Mu Li, Ming Zhou, Houfeng Wang, Longkai Zhang. 2013. Learning Entity Representation for Entity Disambiguation. Proc. ACL2013.

[10] Hongzhao Huang, Zhen Wen, Dian Yu, Heng Ji, Yizhou Sun, Jiawei Han and He Li. 2013. Resolving entity morphs in censored data. Proc. ACL2013.

[9] Lili Jiang, Ping Luo, Jianyong Wang, Yuhong Xiong, Bingduan Lin, Min Wang, Ning An. GRIAS: an Entity-Relation Graph based Framework for Discovering Entity AliasesProc. IEEE ICDM'13(PP:310-319)

[8] Y. Li, C. Wang, F. Han, J. Han, D. Roth, and X. Yan. 2013. Mining evidences for named entity disambiguation. In Proceedings of the 19th ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, KDD ’13.

[7] X. Liu, Y. Li, H. Wu, M. Zhou, F. Wei, and Y. Lu. 2013. Entity linking for tweets. In Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers).

[6] Qingliang Miao, Ruiyu Fang, Yao Meng and Shu Zhang. 2013. FRDC's Cross-lingual Entity Linking System at TAC 2013. Proc. TAC2013.

[5] Glen Pink, Will Radford, Will Cannings, Andrew Naoum, Joel Nothman, Daniel Tse and James R. Curran. 2013. SYDNEY CMCRC at TAC 2013. Proc. Text Analysis Conference (TAC2013).

[4] W. Shen, J. Wang, P. Luo, and M. Wang. 2013. Linking named entities in tweets with knowledge base via user interest modeling. In Proceedings of the 19th ACM SIGKDD International Conference on  Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, KDD ’13.

[3] Avirup Sil, Alexander Yates. 2013. Re-ranking for Joint Named-Entity Recognition and Linking. Proc. CIKM2013.

[2] Zhichun Wang, Juanzi Li, Jie Tang. 2013. Boosting Cross-lingual Knowledge Linking via Concept Annotation. Proc. IJCAI 2013.

[1] Dian Yu, Haibo Li, Taylor Cassidy, Qi Li, Zheng Chen and Heng Ji. 2013. RPI-BLENDER TAC-KBP2013 Knowledge Base Population System Description. Proc. Text Analysis Conference (TAC2013).


[22] T. Cassidy, H. Ji, L. Ratinov, A. Zubiaga, and H. Huang. 2012. Analysis and enhancement of wikification for microblogs with context expansion. In Proceedings of COLING 2012.

[21] A. Davis, A. Veloso, A. S. da Silva, W. Meira, Jr., and A. H. F. Laender. 2012. Named entity disambiguation in streaming data. In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL), pages 815–824.

[20] G. Demartini, D. E. Difallah, and P. Cudre-Mauroux. 2012. Zencrowd: leveraging probabilistic reasoning and crowdsourcing techniques for large-scale entity linking. In The International World Wide Web Conference , pages 469–478, New York, NY, USA. ACM.

[19] Laura Dietz and Jeffrey Dalton. 2012. Across-Document Neighborhood Expansion: UMass at TAC KBP 2012 Entity Linking. Proc. Text Analysis Conference (TAC2012).

[18] Angela Fahrni, Thierry Gockel and Michael Strube. 2012. HITS’ Monolingual and Cross-lingual Entity Linking System at TAC 2012: A Joint Approach. Proc. Text Analysis Conference (TAC2012).

[17] Samuel Fernando and Mark Stevenson. Adapting Wikification to Cultural Heritage In proceedings of the EACL 2012 workshop on "Language Technology for Cultural Heritage, Social Sciences, and Humanities", April 24 2012, Avignon, France.

[16] E. Gonzalez, H. Rodriguez, J. Turmo, P.R. Comas, A. Naderi, A. Ageno, E. Sapena, M. Vila and M.A. Marti. 2012. The TALP participation at TAC-KBP 2012. Proc. Text Analysis Conference (TAC2012).

[15] Zhaochen Guo, Ying Xu, Filipe Mesquita, Denilson Barbosa, Grzegorz Kondrak. 2012. Ualberta at TAC-KBP 2012: English and Cross-Lingual Entity Linking. Proc. Text Analysis Conference (TAC2012).

[14] Sherzod Hakimov, Salih Atilay Oto, Erdogan Dogdu. 2012. Named entity recognition and disambiguation using linked data and graph-based centrality scoring. Proc. the 4th International Workshop on Semantic Web Information Management SWIM12 (2012).

[13] Xianpei Han, Le Sun. 2012. An entity-topic model for entity linking. Proc. EMNLP-CoNLL 2012.

[12] Zhicheng Zheng, Xiance Si, Fangtao Li, Edward Y. Chang, Xiaoyan Zhu. 2012. Entity Disambiguation with Freebase. Proc. WI-IAT 2012.

[11] Thomas Lin, Mausam, Oren Etzioni. 2012. No noun phrase left behind: detecting and typing unlinkable entities. Proc. EMNLP-CoNLL 2012.

[10] E. Meij, W. Weerkamp, and M. de Rijke. 2012. Adding semantics to microblog posts. In Proceedings of the fifth ACM international conference on Web search and data mining, WSDM ’12.

[9] Hien T. Nguyen, Huy H. Minha,b Tru H. Caob,c Trong T. Nguyenb. 2012. JVN-TDT Entity Linking Systems at TAC-KBP2012. Proc. Text Analysis Conference (TAC2012).

[8] L. Ratinov and D. Roth. 2012. Learning-based multi-sieve co-reference resolution with knowledge. In Proc. EMNLP2012.

[7] Wei Shen, Jianyong Wang, Ping Luo, Min Wang. 2012. LINDEN: linking named entities with knowledge base via semantic knowledge. Proc. WWW2012.

[6] Wei Shen, Jianyong Wang, Ping Luo, Min Wang. LIEGE: Link Entities in Web Lists with Knowledge Base. ACM SIGKDD'12. (PP: 1424-1432)

[5] Wei Shen, Jianyong Wang, Ping Luo, Min Wang. A Graph-Based Approach for Ontology Population with Named Entities. Proc. ACM CIKM'12. (PP: 345-354.)

[4] A. Sil, E. Cronin, P. Nie, Y. Yang, A.-M. Popescu, and A. Yates. 2012. Linking named entities to any database. In Proceedings of the Conference on Empirical Methods for Natural Language Processing (EMNLP), pages 116–127.

[3] Jian Xu, Qin Lu, Jie Liu and Ruifeng Xu. 2012. NLPComp in TAC 2012 Entity Linking and Slot-Filling. Proc. Text Analysis Conference (TAC2012).

[2] D. Vitale, P. Ferragina, and U. Scaiella. 2012. Classification of short texts by deploying topical annotations. In ECIR, pages 376–387.

[1] C. Wang, K. Chakrabarti, T. Cheng, and S. Chaudhuri. 2012. Targeted disambiguation of ad-hoc, homoge-neous sets of named entities. In The International World Wide Web Conference, pages 719–728, New York, NY, USA. ACM.


[25] Chenliang Li, Aixin Sun, Anwitaman Datta. 2011. A Generalized Method for Word Sense Disambiguation based on Wikipedia. Proc. of ECIR 2011.

[24] Ivo Anastacio, Bruno Martins and Pavel Calado. 2011. Supervised Learning for Linking Named Entities  to Knowledge Base Entries. Proc. Text Analysis Conference (TAC2011).

[23] Taylor Cassidy, Zheng Chen, Javier Artiles, Heng Ji, Hongbo Deng, Lev-Arie Ratinov, Jing Zheng, Jiawei Han and Dan Roth. 2011. CUNY-UIUC-SRI TAC-KBP2011 Entity Linking System Description. Proc. Text Analytics Conference (TAC2011).

[22] Z. Chen and H. Ji. 2011. Collaborative ranking: A case study on entity linking. In Proc. EMNLP2011.

[21] Silviu Cucerzan. 2011. Tac entity linking by performing full-document entity extraction and disambiguation. In Proc. TAC 2011 Workshop.

[20] Angela Fahrni and Michael Strube. 2011. HITS’ Cross-lingual Entity Linking System at TAC2011: One Model for All Languages. Proc. TAC2011.

[19] Y. Genc, Y. Sakamoto, and J. V.  Nickerson. 2011. Discovering context: classifying tweets through a semantic transform based on wikipedia. In Proceedings of the 6th international  conference on Foundations of augmented cognition: directing the future of adaptive systems, FAC’11, pages 484–492.

[18] S. Gottipati and J. Jiang. 2011. Linking entities to a knowledge base with query expansion. In Proceedings of the 2011 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing.

[17] Y. Guo, W. Che, T. Liu, and S. Li. 2011. A graph-based method for entity linking. In Proc. IJCNLP2011.

[16] Ben Hachey, Will Radford, James R. Curran. 2011. Graph-based named entity linking with wikipedia. Proc. WISE 2011.

[15] X. Han and L. Sun. 2011. A generative entity-mention model for linking entities with knowledge base. In Proc. ACL2011.

[14] X. Han, L. Sun, and J. Zhao. 2011. Collective entity linking in web text: A graph-based method. In Proc. SIGIR2011.

[13] J. He, M. de Rijke, M. Sevenster, R. van Ommering, and Y. Qian. 2011. Generating links to background knowledge: A case study using narrative radiology reports. In Proceedings of the 20th ACM international conference on Information and knowledge management. ACM.

[12] J. Hoffart, M. A. Yosef, I. Bordino, H. Fürstenau, M. Pinkal, M. Spaniol, B. Taneva, S. Thater, and G. Weikum. 2011. Robust Disambiguation of Named Entities in Text. Proc. Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing. Proc. EMNLP 2011, Edinburgh, Scotland, pp. 782–792.

[11] Saurabh S. Kataria, Krishnan S. Kumar, Rajeev R. Rastogi, Prithviraj Sen, Srinivasan H. Sengamedu. 2011. Entity disambiguation with hierarchical topic models. Proceedings of the 17th ACM SIGKDD international conference on Knowledge discovery and data mining - KDD 2011.

[10] Zornitsa Kozareva and Sujith Ravi. 2011. Unsupervised Name Ambiguity Resolution Using A Generative Model. Proc. EMNLP2011 Workshop on Unsupervised Learning in NLP.

[9] Z. Kozareva, K. Voevodski, and S. Teng. 2011. Class label enhancement via related instances. In Proc. EMNLP2011.

[8] P. McNamee, J. Mayfield, D. Lawrie, D. W. Oard, and D. Doermann. 2011. Cross-language entity linking. In Proc. IJCNLP2011.

[7] P. N. Mendes, M. Jakob, A. García-Silva, and C. Bizer. 2011. DBpedia spotlight: shedding light on the web of documents. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Semantic Systems.

[6] Sean Monahan, John Lehmann, Timothy Nyberg, Jesse Plymale, and Arnold Jung. 2011. Cross-lingual cross-document coreference with entity linking. In Proceedings of the Text Analysis Conference.

[5] Anja Pilz, Gerhard Paaß. 2011. From names to entities using thematic context distance. Proc. CIKM 2011.

[4] Z. Xu, R. Lu, L. Xiang, and Q. Yang. 2011. Discovering user interest on twitter with a modified authortopic model. In Web Intelligence.

[3] W. Zhang, J. Su, and C. L. Tan. 2011. A wikipedia-lda model for entity linking with batch size changing. In Proc. IJCNLP2011.

[2] Wei Zhang, Yan Chuan Sim, Jian Su, Chew Lim Tan. 2011. Entity linking with effective acronym expansion, instance selection and topic modeling. Proc. IJCAI 2011.

[1] L. Ratinov, D. Roth, D. Downey, and M. Anderson. 2011. Local and global algorithms for disambiguation to wikipedia. In Proc. of the Annual Meeting of the Association of Computational Linguistics (ACL).


[21] Gabor Melli. 2010. Supervised Ontology to Document Interlinking.. Ph.D. Thesis, Simon Fraser University.

[20] Gabor Melli, and Martin Ester. 2010. Supervised Identification and Linking of Concept Mentions to a Domain-Specific Ontology. In: Proceedings of the 19th ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM 2010).

[19] Gabor Melli. 2010. Concept Mentions within KDD-2009 Abstracts (kdd09cma1) Linked to a KDD Ontology (kddo1). In: Proceedings of the Seventh Conference on International Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2010).

[18] Praveen Bysani, Kranthi Reddy, Vijay Bharath Reddy, Sudheer Kovelamudi, Prasad Pingali and Vasudeva Varma. 2010. IIIT Hyderabad in Guided Summarization and Knowledge Base Population. Proc. TAC 2010 Workshop.

[17] Angel X. Chang, Valentin I. Spitkovsky, Eric Yeh, Eneko Agirre and Christopher D. Manning. 2010. Stanford-UBC Entity Linking at TAC-KBP. Proc. TAC2010.

[16] Zheng Chen, Suzanne Tamang, Adam Lee, Xiang Li, Wen-Pin Lin, Matthew Snover, Javier Artiles, Marissa Passantino and Heng Ji. 2010. CUNY-BLENDER TAC-KBP2010 Entity Linking and Slot Filling System Description. Proc. TAC 2010 Workshop.

[15] M. Dredze, P. McNamee, D. Rao, A. Gerber, and T. Finin. 2010. Entity disambiguation for knowledge base population. Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Computational Linguistics.

[14] N. Fernandez, J. A. Fisteus, L. Sanchez, and E. Martin. 2010. Webtlab: A cooccurence-based approach to kbp 2010 entity-linking task. In Proc. TAC 2010 Workshop.

[13] P. Ferragina and U. Scaiella. 2010. Tagme: on-the-fly annotation of short text fragments (by wikipedia entities). In Proceedings of the 19th ACM international conference on Information and knowledge management (CIKM 2010).

[12] Sanyuan Gao, Yichao Cai, Si Li, Zongyu Zhang, Jingyi Guan, Yan Li, Hao Zhang, Weiran Xu and Jun Guo. 2010. PRIS at TAC2010 KBP Track. Proc. TAC 2010 Workshop.

[11] Swapna Gottipati and Jing Jiang. 2010. SMU-SIS at TAC 2010 – KBP Track Entity Linking. Proc. TAC 2010 Workshop.

[10] John Lehmann, Sean Monahan, Luke Nezda, Arnold Jung and Ying Shi. 2010. LCC Approaches to Knowledge Base Population at TAC 2010. Proc. TAC 2010 Workshop.

[9] M. Michelson and S. Macskassy. 2010. Discovering users’ topics of interest on twitter: A first look. In Proceedings of the FourthWorkshop on Analytics for Noisy Unstructured Text Data, AND ’10.

[8] Cesar de Pablo-Sanchez, Juan Perea and Paloma Martinez. 2010. Combining Similarities with Regression based Classifiers for Entity Linking at TAC 2010. Proc. TAC 2010 Workshop.

[7] David Nemeskey, Gabor Recski, Attila Zseder and Andras Kornai. 2010. BUDAPESTACAD at TAC 2010. Proc. TAC 2010 Workshop.

[6]  J. Weng, E. Lim, J. Jiang, and Q He. 2010. Twitterrank: Finding topic-sensitive influential twitterers. In Proceedings of the Third ACM International Conference on Web Search and Data Mining, WSDM ’10.

[5] W. Zhang, J. Su, C. Tan, and W. Wang. 2010. Entity linking leveraging automatically generated annotation. In Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Computational Linguistics (Coling  2010).

[4] Zhicheng Zheng, Fangtao Li, Minlie Huang, Xiaoyan Zhu. 2010. Learning to link entities with knowledge base. Proc. HLT2010.

[3] Yiping Zhou, Lan Nie, Omid Rouhani-Kalleh, Flavian Vasile, and Scott Gaffney. 2010. Resolving surface forms to wikipedia topics. In Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Computational Linguistics (Coling 2010), pages 1335–1343, Beijing, China, August. Coling 2010 Organizing Committee.

[2] Yiping Zhou, Lan Nie, Omid Rouhani-kalleh Flavian, Vasile Scott. 2010. Resolving Surface Forms to Wikipedia Topics. Computational Linguistics.

[1] W. Radford, B. Hachey, J. Nothman, M. Honnibal, and J. R. Curran. 2010. Cmcrc at tac10: Documentlevel entity linking with graph-based re-ranking. In Proc. TAC 2010 Workshop.


[9] Anna Lisa Gentile, Ziqi Zhang, Lei Xia, José Iria. 2009. Graph-based semantic relatedness for named entity disambiguation. Proc. International Conference on Software, Services & Semantic Technologies 2009.

[8] Sayali Kulkarni, Amit Singh, Ganesh Ramakrishnan, Soumen Chakrabarti. 2009. Collective annotation of Wikipedia entities in web text. Proc. SIGKDD2009.

[7]  X. Han and J. Zhao. 2009. Named entity disambiguation by leveraging wikipedia semantic knowledge. In Proceedings of the 18th ACM conference on Information and knowledge management, CIKM 2009.

[6] Paul McNamee, Hoa Trang Dang, Heather Simpson, Patrick Schone and Stephanie M. Strassel. 2010. An Evaluation of Technologies for Knowledge Base Population. Proc. LREC2010.

[5] S. Kulkarni, A. Singh, G. Ramakrishnan, and S. Chakrabarti. 2009. Collective annotation of wikipedia entities in web text. In KDD.

[4] Olena Medelyan, Catherine Legg, David Milne and Ian H. Witten. 2009. Mining Meaning from Wikipedia. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies archive. Volume 67 , Issue 9.

[3] M. Pennacchiotti and P. Pantel. 2009. Entity extraction via ensemble semantics. In Proc. EMNLP2009.

[2] Liangcai Shu, Bo Long, Weiyi Meng. 2009. A Latent Topic Model for Complete Entity Resolution. Proc. ICDE 2009.

[1] Harish Srinivasan, John Chen and Rohini Srihari. 2009. Cross-Document Person Name Disambiguation Using Entity Profiles. Proc. Text Analysis Conference (TAC2009).


[3] Ming-Wei Chang, Lev Ratinov, Dan Roth, and Vivek Srikumar. 2008. Importance of semantic representation: dataless classification. In Proceedings of the 23rd national conference on Artificial intelligence -Volume 2, pages 830–835. AAAI Press.

[2] D. Milne and I.H. Witten. 2008. Learning to link with wikipedia. In Proceeding of the 17th ACM conference on Information and knowledge management, pages 509–518. ACM.

[1] Zareen Syed, Tim Finin, and Anupam Joshi. 2008. Wikipedia as an Ontology for Describing Documents. Proc. the Second International Conference on Weblogs and Social Media.


[3] Silviu Cucerzan. 2007. Large-scale named entity disambiguation based on wikipedia data. In EMNLP-CoNLL2007.

[2] Evgeniy Gabrilovich and Shaul Markovitch. 2007. Overcoming the brittleness bottleneck using Wikipedia: Enhancing text categorization with encyclopedic knowledge. Proc. AAAI2007.

[1] R. Mihalcea and A. Csomai. 2007. Wikify!: linking documents to encyclopedic knowledge. In Proceedings of the sixteenth ACM conference on Conference on information and knowledge management, CIKM’07.


[1] R. Bunescu and M. Pasca. 2006. Using encyclopedic knowledge for named entity disambiguation. In Proceedings of the European Chapter of the ACL (EACL).